Pawnee, Omaha, Dakota and Ponca are all cited as having used the rose hips
for emergency food and in times of hardship.
The Omaha's steeped the rose hips and roots to treat inflammation of the eye.
The Pawnees collected leaf galls that were crushed and applied to burns.
The rose buds
were used to make a wine or tea for a beverage; tea also used to cure gonorrhea.
reported that rose hips can be eaten raw, stewed, candied, made into a
jelly, jam, preserves or beverages. These rose hips are higher in
calcium, iron and phosphorus than one orange and contains more concentration