Queen-of-the-Prairie
Filipendula rubra
(Rosaceae)

Description:  The central stem is smooth and sometimes reddish.  The Queen of the Prairie (Queen) can grow from anywhere to 3-7' tall.  Leaves can grow to 2' long and are often yellowish greenish, they become much smaller and more spread out while ascending to the bottom of the plant.  Each leaf consists of 1-7 palmate leaflets, each leaflet is 6" long and are aligned along the reddish leaf stem.  Occasionally, the leaves become spotted from foliar disease. The pink buds and  flowers are about 5-8" across, and can hold up to 5 pink petals and numerous long white stamens with pink anthers.  The Queen blooms from the bottom up, and has none to little fragrance.  The Queen blooms in the early to mid-summer around June July and lasts about 3 weeks.  Straight afterwards a reddish fruit is developed and are around 1/4-1/2" across.  The Queen likes to grow in colonies and  prefers lots of moisture and likes average to rich soil with a little sand, loam, and clay in the mix.  
Range and Habitat:   The Queen is a uncommon plant and is listed as 'threatened' in Illinois.  The Queen is scattered along the upper basin of the Illinois River and in the Chicago area.  It is mostly located in moist meadows along rivers and in woodland areas, shrubby fens, and areas in or around springs.  In some areas it has been introduced as part of restoration efforts. 

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