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PLANT DESCRIPTION






OTHER COMMON NAMES
ORANGE CUP, WILD ORANGE LILY, TIGER LILY, HUCKLEBERRY LILY, GLADE LILY, ORANGE LILY, FLAME LILY, WILD ORANGE-RED LILY

PRONUNCIATION
LILL -EE-UM  FILL-UH-DELL-FIH-KUM

PLANT FAMILY
LILIUM:  MEANING AN ANCIENT CLASSICAL LATIN NAME FOR LILY, WHICH COULD HAVE BEEN DERIVED FROM THE STILL MORE ANCIENT GREEK NAME PHILADELPHICUM:  MEANING " OF PHILADELPHIA ''

PLANT DESCRIPTION
WOOD LILIES GROW 1 TO 3 FEET HIGH FROM PERENNIAL BULBS.  BULBS ARE ABOUT 1 INCH IN DIAMETER.  FLOWERS 1 TO 3 IN A TERMINAL CLUSTER, WITH 3 SEPALS AND 3 PETALS.  THELANCEOLATE LEAVES, 1 TO 4 INCHES LONG AND ABOUT 1/4 TO 1/2 INCH WIDE, AND NARROWED AT BOTH ENDS. RED-ORANGE ,UPRIGHT, TERMINAL, OPEN BELL SHAPED FLOWER WITH ONE TO FIVE BLOOMS.
THE FLOWERS USUALLY HAVE PURPLISH SPOTS ON THE LOWER PARTS OF THE INNER SIDE, AND TAPER TO NARROW , STALK LIKE BASES.  INSIDE THE FLOWER ARE SIX PROMINENT, ERECT STAMENS SURROUNDING A CENTRAL STYLE.

PROPAGATION
THESE PLANTS ARE DIFFICULT TO ESTABLISH AND HAVE A SHORT LIFE SPAN.  THEY ARE NEVER FOUND LONG IN THE SAME PLACE.  BEST BY DIVISION OF OFFSET SCALES PLANTED 1 INCH DEEP.  NEED TO OBTAIN THE SCALES AFTER THE PLANT DIES BACK IN THE FALL.  MUCH OF THE EARLY GROWTH OCCURS UNDERGROUND, AND VERY LITTLE STALK DEVELOPMENT  OCCURS WHILE THE PLANTS ARE YOUNG.  YOU SHOULD PLANT SEVERAL PLANTS TOGETHER BECAUSE OF THE FACT THAT CROSS-POLLINATION IS NECESSARY FOR REPRODUCTION.  THEY ARE ADAPTABLE ONCE ESTABLISHED.  ADDING COMPOST TO THE SOIL IS VERY BENEFICIAL TO THE SURVIVAL OF THESE PLANTS.  WILD LILIES GROWN FROM SEED WILL ONLY PRODUCE ONE LEAF THEIR FIRST YEAR AND WILL TAKE AN ADDITIONAL YEAR TO BLOOM.

GERMINATION
THE WOOD LILY IS VERY EASY TO GERMINATE BUT TAKES A LONG TIME.  THE PLANTS EARLY LIFE IS UNDERGROUND, PRODUCING ONLY 1 MONOCOTYLEDON LEAF THE FIRST YEAR.  PLANTING SHOULD BE DONE IN THE FALL OR TO STORE THE SEED AT 35 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT  UNTIL SPRING.  FOR  THIS PLANT TO GROW IT NEEDS STRATIFICATION 33 - 38 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT FOR 60 DAYS.

GROWING CONDITIONS
DRY TO MOIST THICKETS, OPEN WOODS, AND CLEARINGS AND PRAIRIES

SEASON
--FLOWERING TIME IS MID JUNE TO MID AUGUST, RARELY AS LATE AS MID SEPTEMBER
--THESE PLANTS ARE WINTER DORMANT

ATTRACTS
BEES
 
 

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